Cebu, island, focal Philippines. It is the focal point of Visayan-Cebuano culture and has protected a solid Spanish convention in its social life. Pulled in by the island’s central position, the Portuguese pilot Ferdinand Magellan arrived there and changed over the ruler and boss to Christianity. He later was executed on adjacent Mactan Island. There are various relics of the occasion in Cebu City. Let’s Know the Historical and Geographical Background of Cebu Islands.